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Human Resources 101: Everything You Need to Know Read More >>

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On demand access to handbooks, best practices, and everything in-between.

 
Netchex Human Resources Software

Empower Your Team

From accruals to paystubs, Netchex’s HRM software platform makes information instantly accessible for managers and employees—anytime, anywhere.

Self-service Portals

  • PTO requests and accrual management
  • View and update profile information
  • Edit benefits selections
  • Change direct deposit and tax withholdings

Netchex Human Resources Software

From Hire to Retire

Netchex combines information, performance, and compliance management in a single, smart human resources software.

Employee Lifecycle Management

  • Employment history, forms, licensure, & profiles
  • Tax, benefits, and employment compliance
  • Performance reviews and job summaries
  • Salary and compensation history

Netchex Human Resources Software

Better Services, Better People

Need templates? Handbooks? Job descriptions? Netchex has you covered with its HR online resources and personalized client support to help your HR department run smoothly.

NetHR Support Center

  • Forms & policy library
  • Sample text & customized handbooks
  • NDAs, non-competes, & performance reviews
  • Automatic alerts for state & federal law changes

 

Human Resources 101

I. What is Human Resources?

Human Resources is a broad term applied to the department, and the professionals who are a part of it, dedicated to managing all matters related to an organization’s employees—from recruitment to offboarding.

As is the case with any other business asset, HR’s main goal is to maximize the effectiveness of employees, while reducing risk and increasing the return on investment (ROI).

Human Resources, or HR, is an essential part of every company—large and small. But what really is HR? What is it supposed to do? And what strategies and tools can be used to make the job easier, yet more encompassing?

For smaller companies of this size, it’s often easier and more affordable to completely outsource most of their HR needs. This includes things like payroll & taxes, time & attendance, benefits, and other HR services. 

At the 50-employee threshold, many state and federal regulations kick in that require more attention. Companies of this size can rely on at least one HR professional to wear many hats backed by powerful HR technology.

At this point, having an HR team led by a highly experienced HR professional is required. That being said, many HR services will still benefit from HR technology equipped to handle things like recruiting, onboarding, performance reviews, and more.

Because it can vary depending on size and needs, HR can differ from company to company. But one thing remains constant: Human Resources is a people-focused department. 

As one of the most valuable resources of any business, people require an endless supply of guidance and support from their employees—not only while at work, but in their everyday lives. 

Encompassing everything from hiring and payroll to benefits and training, HR’s responsibilities touch nearly every aspect of the employee lifecycle. These most often include:

So, how does HR do it? How can one department (or person, even) handle all of that responsibility? It’s not easy, but it can be done with a combination of proper Human Resource Management and powerful Human Resource technology.  

With the help of Netchex, discover everything you need to know about Human Resource Management and Human Resources software, as well as various HR policies, compliance, security, and important workplace trends.  

II. What is Human Resource Management?

Human Resource Management (HRM)—also referred to as Human Capital Management (HCM)—encompasses the recruiting, hiring, development, and administration of a company’s employees. Put simply, HRM enables the development, implementation, and overseeing of various policies governing workers. This also includes managing the relationship of the organization with its employees.

Working in tandem with company goals, Human Resource Management helps employees maximize their potential and work better with one another. HRM can also improve the overall health of the business throughout the employee lifecycle that typically include:

Human Resource Management Key Objectives

Organizational Objectives

Businesses must be efficient. HRM streamlines the hiring, onboarding, training, evaluation, and other employee processes. If HRM can reduce turnover and improve retention, then your company can reduce hiring expenses and training replacements. 

Functional Objectives

How well are internal resources allocated across the company? HRM priorities should be regularly re-evaluated with input from employee surveys, reviews, and exit interviews.

Personal Objectives

One of the best ways to improve retention is to empower employees. Continual training is a great outlet for employees to continue their professional growth without disrupting the current workflow.

Societal Objectives

Workplace discrimination is bad–and not just because it’s illegal. Injustice and unequal treatment creates a toxic work environment, undermining the hard work of employees. HR can promote diversity and inclusion, bringing a wider range of perspectives to the table. 

III. The Importance of an Internal Communications Plan

Communication is one of the most important pieces of the puzzle when it comes to engaging with employees and improving the culture at your company. When it comes to Human Resource Management, you can’t overstate the importance of effective communication. 

The way you communicate with your employees has a direct impact on the success of your business. When your company doesn’t communicate well, the results do not bode well for your business. End results of poor communication often include:

  • Wasted time
  • Duplication of efforts
  • Missed deadlines
  • Compliance issues

No matter the size of your business, HR must develop a successful internal communication plan utilizing Human Resources software, tools, and processes to connect with and relay information to employees. Your internal communication impacts employee engagement and experience, as well as company-wide productivity and collaboration.

Here are several proven ways you can improve your company’s internal communication:

  • Remember timing is crucial 
  • Choose the right type of communication
  • Utilize multiple communication channels
  • Be clear, focused, and precise in all communications
  • Pay close attention to tone and perspective
  • Remain in communication throughout the employee lifecycle
  • Utilize Human Resources technology for internal communications
  • Emphasize company culture and goals
  • Don’t be afraid to use social media
  • Always follow through with action

III. Managing the Employee Lifecycle

Whether long-tenured or newly hired, all employees need to be supported. HR must make sure your company is meeting the needs of all employees at each phase of their journey.

The employee lifecycle is an HR-focused roadmap through the multiple stages an employee progresses through an organization. While many people may play a role in this journey, HR is critical in the development, execution, and examination of each employee’s lifecycle plan.

Offboarding is just as important as onboarding. Think about the unique needs of departing employees, and remember that your company still has specific needs from them.

What are the Stages of the Employee Lifecycle?

Attraction

A positive branding strategy draws the right kind of attention to your company from multiple angles.

Recruitment

Keep the recruiting message simple and positive, but detailed enough to relay important job requirements.

Onboarding

New hires have different needs from long term employees, and catering to those specific needs will help them adapt to the new environment.

Development

Use a Learning Management System to train new employees, promote continuous learning, and ensure compliance.

Retention

Performance Management software lets you collect employee review data to reward your best employees and give the others concrete metrics for where they can improve. 

Offboarding

Offboarding is just as important as onboarding. Think about the unique needs of departing employees, and remember that your company still has specific needs from them.

Utilizing HR Software Throughout Employee Lifecycle Management

Employee lifecycle management recognizes that each phase of employee development has unique needs. Human Resource software helps fill those needs by enabling employers to assign, track, and monitor data of various HR processes over time. Additionally, it gives employees insight into their personal performance and progress through company intranets and employee self-service portals

Here are just a few of the benefits of managing the employee lifecycle with Human Resources software:

  • Increases employee engagement and satisfaction
  • Nurtures skill development in your employees
  • Increases employee retention
  • Improves your ability to recruit quality talent
  • Provides structure to your training and development
  • Creates lasting relationships with your employees

IV. The Benefits of Human Resources Technology

HR technology is designed to make the administrative side of HR easier, smarter, and more efficient year-round. Not only that, but it also helps your company to run smoother. This enables HR to focus on engaging with your company’s most important asset—people.  

The shift towards technology in the workplace was already well underway before recent events made HR software an absolute necessity. Today’s modern workforce wants and expects technology in the workplace.  

Why is a Connected HR System Important?

More stressful than helpful, bad HR technology is a hodgepodge of disconnected systems. Human Resources software without integration will not solve your company’s issues. But rather, it will just create new problems, stagnate productivity, and waste your time. 

On the other hand, integrated HR software connects the entire employee lifecycle ensuring information, changes, and data are shared across every stage. Simply put, it saves time and money while making HR’s job easier and more manageable.

Here are a few ways integrated Human Resources software will improve your HR department and your entire company:

  • Save time and money
  • Improve data accuracy
  • Make smarter decisions
  • Attract better talent
  • Empower your workforce
  • Increase productivity and engagement
  • Minimize compliance risk
  • Enable better communication

Why Employee Self-Service Portals Matter

Employee self-service (ESS) is an important cog in HR technology—from payroll and benefits to onboarding and scheduling. ESS is a labor-saving solution that allows your employees to access their own employee information. This empowers employees to quickly resolve tasks that might otherwise require a manager or HR professional.

The Impact of Employee Self-Service Portals

  • Improve collection, storage, and maintenance of employee information
  • Increase employee satisfaction and empowerment
  • Reduce errors and ensure data accuracy
  • Streamline HR functions and processes
  • Ensure compliance and data security
  • Improve HR communication
  • Streamline recruiting and onboarding
  • Train employees faster and easier
  • Go green by going paperless

V. Essential HR Policies, Procedures, and Handbooks

People are undoubtedly complicated. Because of this, companies need countless HR policies and procedures to manage employees and clarify expectations for behavior, performance, and development. It is important to clearly define all policies before issues arise so HR, management, and employees know what to expect and how to handle issues when they appear.

Developing HR Policies

Clear HR policies help manage expectations and reduce liability for your company. HR policies reduce the burden on managers by putting expectations and consequences into writing.

When developing policies, Human Resources must ensure that you’re compliant with local, state, and federal laws. Use these to keep everything in compliance with FMLA, Affordable Care Act, local minimum wage laws, and any anti-bias and harassment laws. 

Guidelines for managers and supervisors must be given for behavioral policy’s rules and possible consequences. Reporting options for employees who believe they’ve experienced or witnessed inappropriate behavior must also be included. 

Try not to be too negative by focusing solely on the punishment for bad behavior. HR policies should also include positives and perks, such as professional development opportunities, raises/bonuses, and promotions.

Some essential HR policies that every company must cover include:

What are Employee Handbooks?

An employee handbook is an official company document that outlines company policies and makes employee expectations clear and referenceable. A well-written company handbook gets your whole workforce on the same page. More than just a framework for discipline and misconduct, your team needs a handbook that helps everyone succeed together.

Like the owner’s manual in a new car, your employee handbook may only get a quick skim from new and older employees alike. Even if they are not read cover-to-cover, they’re meant to be a resource for answering major policy questions and rules.

Employee handbooks are important and can accomplish several things at once. Here are just a few of the reasons to develop a quality handbook:

  • Legal requirements
  • Compliance & legal clarifications
  • Introduce employees to culture, mission, and values
  • Communicate employee expectations
  • Clarify company policies 
  • Help with onboarding

A successful business is constantly moving forward, but an outdated employee handbook will leave you flat footed when responding to problems. From labor laws to social media policies, your handbook needs to address emerging issues in today’s workforce.

Be sure to update your employee handbook regularly to reflect ongoing changes in your industry. Your employee handbook needs to keep pace with the changes in your company. Look at your quarterly handbook review as an opportunity for continuous improvement.

The vast majority of your handbook won’t change annually, but you want every page to reflect the way you currently do business. Address real world situations and keep the language easy to understand. Reflect on the HR challenges you’ve seen in the past few months, and check whether any new HR policies or details need to be added.

Here are just a few of the things to consider when reviewing and updating your employee handbook:

  • Legal and compliance changes
  • Evolving workplace policies
  • Workplace safety improvements
  • Data security upgrades
  • Company growth and changes
  • New technology and software
  • Employee engagement tactics

VII. HR Compliance and Security

Compliance is critical for businesses of all sizes and is defined as the process of outlining, developing, and implementing various policies and procedures to comply with all applicable laws and regulations. HR plays an integral role in compliance by helping companies stay up-to-date on state and federal laws, as well as specific industry standards

By developing internal compliance guidelines, HR ensures the business is safe from fines, audits, lawsuits, and other negative impacts to the overall organization. Training must also be in place to guarantee employees understand, acknowledge, and comply with measures put in place.

What is HR’s role in compliance?

Proper hiring practices

HR compliance can safeguard against unfair and discriminatory hiring policies at work. Consider how you approach each phase of the process, including recruitinginterviewinghiring, and onboarding in relation to state and federal legislation like the Fair Employment and Housing Act and the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). 

Employee benefits administration

Companies with more benefits generally have more HR compliance issues to navigate, including:

  • The Affordable Care Act (ACA) no longer has an individual mandate, but employers still have certain obligations when it comes to employee benefits.
  • The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) has requirements for unpaid time off.
  • If you offer health insurance, then you will also need to allow departing employees to sign up for COBRA

Pay and time rules

Minimum wage laws and rules against child labor are pretty well known, but your policies for raises and bonuses also need to be compliant. Worker classification will affect overtime payment and taxes. Be sure to follow regulations like the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) for lunch breaks and additional local laws about break periods, lunch hours, and travel time.

Workplace safety

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) sets and enforces regulatory standards across the country. Employers must comply with all applicable OSHA standards governing workplace safety.

Data Security

You have an obligation to employees and clients to protect sensitive data like financial information and home addresses. Additionally, industries that handle medical or legal records may need to follow additional confidentiality requirements like HIPAA.

One of the biggest challenges for HR professionals is keeping up-to-date with current workplace trends. Because the workplace and its employees are constantly evolving, Human Resources must not only be agile and quick to adapt, but preferably ahead of the curve. 

Listed below is a regularly updated list of tips and insights from Netchex on some of today’s most important HR trends.

Mental Health

5 Tips to Support Employee Mental Health in the Workplace

Minimizing the Loneliness and Burnout Associated with Remote Work

Diversity & Inclusion

How to Improve Diversity and Inclusion in Your Company

Addressing Gender Inclusivity in the Modern Workplace

Protecting LGBTQ Rights in the Workplace

How to Celebrate Pride Month Authentically in the Workplace

Working Parents

How Can HR Help Support and Retain Working Mothers?

Working Parents: Why Windowed Work Could Be the Key to Your Remote Work Success

Charitable Giving

More Than Charity: The Internal Benefits of a Workplace Giving Program

7 Essential Steps to Starting a Successful Workplace Giving Program

Politics

HR Tips for Handling Politics Inside (and Outside) of the Office

How Your Company Can Encourage Voter Participation

IX. Human Resources Software FAQs

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